Rajasthan! Hearing this name, pictures of the fort, the palace or the castle first appeared in the eye. Rajasthan is a northern-western state of India with a vast desert named -Thar Desert. Rajasthan covers 342239 square kilometres of India or 10.4 percent of India. Punjab is in the north; Haryana and Uttar Pradesh are the northeast boundary, Gujarat to the southwest and in South-east there is Madhya Pradesh.
Rajasthan has histories of 1000 years. The Mughal Empire emerged in the early middle Ages. Some Rajput kingdoms did not accept the Mughals and engaged in war regularly with them. Every third foreign tourist traveling to Rajasthan as it is part of the gold triangle for travellers from India. Along with the histories there are some paranormal rumours in Rajasthan that has an indirect benefit to the Rajasthan tourism. Bhangarh fort, Kuldhara village, Jal Mahal, Jagatpura etc. are the most disreputed place.
Rajasthan is also known as the “Land of the Kings” for its kings and their magnificent fortresses and palaces. Rajasthan – also known for jungle, tiger, jewellery, lively art and vibrant culture. While visiting Rajasthan you can feel the beauty of this place. Rajasthan is a historical place, so it is natural that there will be many historical things to discover.
From this state, various public and private airlines regularly connect major cities of the country like Delhi Mumbai. The three major airports in the state are Jaipur, Udaipur and Jodhpur.
Jaipur is called Pink City, the capital of the state of Rajasthan. Jaipur is a vivid fusion of old and new. Jaipur was ruled by the Rajput kingdom for many centuries and developed as a city in the 17th century. The city has successfully managed to retain its ancient charm. Jaipur has many great forts, palaces, temples and museums. Some of the UNESCO Her Heritage sites, including the Amar Fort and the Jantar Mantar. Popular markets in the city are Bapu Bazar, Tripolia Bazar and Johori Bazar. Jaipur is very well known for the local cuisine and the most famous dishes include gheewar, onion kachuri and dal bati churma. With magnificent buildings, heroic war stories, beautiful castles and palaces Jaipur has long been one of the cultural gems in the history of the Indian subcontinent with friendly people known for providing plenty of options for travellers.
The places to visit in Jaipur, are- Amer fort, Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar, Nahargarh Fort etc.
Located high on a hill, Amer Fort is a major tourist attraction of Jaipur. A fine Mughal and Rajput architecture is seen here with a mixture of beautiful white marble and red stone. It was built by Mansingh. The Amer fort was improved and annexed by subsequent rulers for the next 150 years. The sturdy walls and magnificent palaces make the Amer fort in Jaipur known as one of the most attractive places in the state.
Hawa Mahal: The royal Hawa Mahal, located in Jaipur, is probably considered one of the most visited destinations by tourists. The ‘Hawa Mahal’, built by the famous Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in 1799, is considered as a repository of the colourful history and heritage of Rajasthan. A marvelous blend of Rajasthan and Mughal architecture is seen at Hawa Mahal.
Yantar Mantar: The universe always creates a confusion for mankind. Yantar Mantar is one of the mystical temples built in the world. Maharaja Jai Singh, established the Yantar Mantar at Jaipur in the middle of the year 1727 to 1734. UNESCO included this in the World Heritage List. Machines in Yantar Mantar are very large and made of stone. To ensure the accuracy of the structure, it was made of wood first. It is is located at the heart of the city and is walking away from the city.
Nahagarh Fort: 6 km from the Jaipur Railway Station this fort is situated. It is one of the best fort in Rajasthan and one of the best places to visit in Jaipur city. The fort walls extended over the surrounding hills linking Nahargarh fort with the Jaigarh fort. It is believed that the development of the fort was interrupted by the spirit of Nahar Singh Vomiya, a Rathore ruler. The rooms are connected by a corridor and retain some fine frescoes. Visit this from 10 am to 5:30pm and the charges are- Rs. 20 for Indians, Rs.50 for foreigners, Rs. 20 for cameras and Rs 70 for video cameras.
Samode Palace: Samode Palace is about 40 km from the Jaipur railway station. Samode Palace is an example of European, Rajput and Mughal architectural designs. In 1987, it was converted to the Samode Palace Heritage Hotel.
Jaigarh Fort: this fort is 15 km from Jaipur railway station and 1 km walking distance from Amer fort. The structural design of the Jaigarh Fort resembles the Amer Fort. The castle is located 400 meters above the palace of Amer, and below it offers a great view of the Arvalli Hills and the Amber Fort. The fort was a major center of cannon production during the Mughal period. The fort contains a beautiful garden, two temples, The one is the Bhairab temple in the twelfth century and the other is Ram Harihar Temple of tenth century.
Jalmahal: Jal Mahal or the Jal Palace is situated in the middle of the Man Sagar Lake in Jaipur. It is one of the largest manmade lakes in Jaipur. The lake used to be a place for bird watchers in the past and a favorite place for duck shooting during a picnic to the Rajput kings of Jaipur. Water Mahal was built in the 18th century by First Sawai Man Singh. It is a five storey building and four floors stay under water when the lake is full. This is now a hotel and only can be reached by boat.
Jodhpur: Jodhpur is the 2nd largest city in Rajasthan. Jodhpur is one of India’s top heritage sites and one of the best places to experience Rajasthan. Rao Jodha founded Jodhpur. In 1679, the Aurangzeb took over the kingdom. But after the death of Aurangzeb in 1707, Maharaja Ajit Singh got to the throne of Jodhpur.
Mehrangarh Fort: Mehrangarh Fort is an ancient hill fort located in Jodhpur City, 6 km from Jodhpur junction. It is believed that in order to develop the fort of Mehrangarh, Jodha Rao displaced a alone man, who lived in the hill, Cheeriya Nathji got angry and Cheriya Nathji cursed him that his city will suffer due to drought. Even today, the region is caught by drought every 3 to 4 years.
Nathmalji ki Haveli: Nathmalji Ki Haveli is 2 km from Jaisalmer railway station, a famous architectural wonder. For the residence of Prime Minister Diwan Mohta Nathmal in Jaisalmer it was built. This Havely is famous for its architecture that reflects a combination of both Rajput and Islamic styles. There is two huge elephants carved in yellow stone at the entrance of the haveli. This amazing architecture is opened from 8am to 6 pm.
These are the main historical places to visit in Rajasthan, There are many historical places can be seen in Rajasthan.